Jenis : Mahkota Keagamaan
Nama : MAHKOTA RITUAL AGAMA BUDHA
Era : Abad Ke-10
Asal Perolehan : Muteran, Mojokerto, JAWA TIMUR
National Museum of Ethnology
(Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde)
Steenstraat 1, Leiden 2300 AE, The Netherlands
Inventaris No. : 1403-2783
Special collection: Insular Southeast Asia
Inventory number: 1403-2783
Title: Ritual headgear
Material / technique: Gold
Dimensions: 15.5 x 14.4 cm
Date: First half 10th century
The most striking feature of this unusual headgear, the construction of rows of spiral curls and the pinnacle. This spiral curls correspond exactly to one of the main features of a Buddha. Because a Buddha has a skull with an increase ushnisha, entirely by rotating clockwise curls covered. In the visual arts that appear in different ways. In this case, the requirement quite literally followed. On top of the curl is a double lotus cushion that serves as the basis for a vajra, four sickle-shaped projections grouped around a tube. A similar hat is in the Museum in Jakarta Pusat. It is two fragrnenten such helmets in the same place as ours, in the village in the department Muteran Mojokerto in East Java. The richer and more complete copy in Jakarta can be deduced that originally in the tube between the four claws was a glass globe, by means of a gold ornament with chains on the four points was confirmed. The golden helmet, presumably through the eyelets at the bottom of a substance attached to it, acted as head of a Buddhist priest in certain rituals. Similar helmets are in Nepal to this day used in this way. The village where this ritual helmets are found located in the department Mojokerto where in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries (at the place where the village lies Trawulan) the power center of the empire was Mojopahit. From several other sources is known to royal when that form of Buddhism confessed, the vajra, as a symbol for the method, and ghanta, a priest bell, symbolizing the teaching, the main instruments were at the highest insight and hence Redemption away. English Text: The most striking feature of this unusual head-dress are the structure created by rows or tight spirals and the apical ornament. The coils correspond exactly with one of the most important Characteristics of a Buddha: a protuberance of the skull, ushnisha, completely covered with curls coiling clockwise. These Characteristics are represented in Various ways of art, and in this case the leg Prescriptions have followed rather literally. Above the curls there is a double lotus pillow serving as base for a vajra, four crescent-shaped projections grouped around a socket. A similar head-dress now in the Museum in Jakarta Pusat was found together with two helmets Such fragments or in the same place as the one Shown here, ie, in the village of Muteran in the department of Mojokerto in East Java. On the basis of the richer and more complete specimens in Jakarta May be it assumed That originally the socket Between the four claws held a glass ball attached to the Four Points by a fine decoration and chains made of gold. The Golden Helmet, All which was attached to Probably a piece of cloth by the eyes on the lower edge, served as covering for the head of a Buddhist priest in ‘certain rituals. Comparable helmets are still overused in the Same Way in Nepal today. The village where this ritual helmet was found in the Department of Mojokerto, where the center of power of the state, Mojopahit situated in the Fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, is located on the site of the present village of Trawulan. It is known from other sources Several That at this period the royal house adhered to the form of Buddhism making use of the vajra, as symbolic of the method, and the ghanta, a bell priests, as symbol of the doctrine, All which were among the most important instruments for the Highest Attain Insight and Enlightenment Galanthus.
Origin: Jawa Timur
Object keywords: Head Jewelry
Dongen, of PLF, Forrer, M., Gulick, of WR (eds.), Highli
ghts from the National Museum of Ethnology. Leiden 1987. Juynboll, HH, catalog’s National ethnographical museum. Vol. V. Leiden 1909, pp.. 192f.
In preparation: Japan / Korea-room
English Presentation title: Ritual head-dress
English material / technique: Gold
English date: 1300-1500
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“AMATI DENGAN SEKSAMA, TANGKAP AURA-NYA. DAN CIPTAKAN YANG LEBIH INDAH DARI ITU. MEREKA TIDAK AKAN PERNAH BISA MENJARAH BAKAT DAN KELUHURAN YANG DIWARISKAN LELUHUR KITA”.